Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Thomas P. Holmes; Kathleen P. Bell; Brenna Byrne; Jeremy S. Wilson
    Date: 2008
    Source: The Economics of Forest Disturbances: Wildfires, Storms, and Invasive Species, 381-406
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (4.11 MB)


    The past decade has evidenced growing concern with the causes and consequences of biological invasions, many of which are economic in nature(Perrings et al. 2002). The risk of a new pest introduction is positively correlated with world trade flows (Costello and McAusland 2003, Margolis et al. 2005) and new invasions threaten the productivity and biological diversity of native ecosystems (Mack et al. 2000). A recent study reports that roughly 50,000 exotic species are established in the United States and annual domestic costs and annual losses from invasive species (forest and non-forest) may exceed $120 billion (Pimentel et al. 2005). The passage of Executive Order 13112 (Clinton 1999), which enhances federal coordination and response to invasive species, and the creation of the National Invasive Species Council (NISC 2001, NISC 2005), are evidence of the federal government's substantial concerns with these emerging threats to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Holmes, Thomas P.; Bell, Kathleen P.; Byrne, Brenna; Wilson, Jeremy S. 2008. Economic aspects of invasive forest pest management. The Economics of Forest Disturbances: Wildfires, Storms, and Invasive Species, 381-406

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page