Climate change is already affecting forests and other ecosystems, and additional, potentially more severe impacts are expected (IPCC, 2007; CCSP, 2008a, 2008b). As a result, forest managers are seeking practical guidance on how to adapt their current practices and, if necessary, their goals. Adaptations of forest ecosystems, which in this context refer to adjustments in management (as opposed to "natural" adaptation), ideally would reduce the negative impacts of climate change and help managers take advantage of any positive impacts.
Blate, G. M.; Joyce, L. A.; Littell, J. S.; McNulty, S. G.; Millar, C. I.; Moser, S. C.; Neilson, R. P.; O’Halloran, K.; Peterson, D. L. 2009. Adapting to climate change in United States national forests. Unasylva 231/232. 60(1-2): 57-62.