Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Charles Ichoku; J. Vanderlei Martins; Yoram J. Kaufman; Martin J. Wooster; Patrick H. Freeborn; Wei Min Hao; Stephen Baker; Cecily A. Ryan; Bryce L. Nordgren
    Date: 2008
    Source: Journal of Geophysical Research. 113: D14S09. doi: 10.1029/2007JD009659.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (320 B)


    Fuel biomass samples from southern Africa and the United States were burned in a laboratory combustion chamber while measuring the biomass consumption rate, the fire radiative energy (FRE) release rate (Rfre), and the smoke concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and particulate matter (PM). The PM mass emission rate (RPM) was quantified from aerosol optical thickness (AOT) derived from smoke extinction measurements using a custom-made laser transmissometer. The RPM and Rfre time series for each fire were integrated to total PM mass and FRE, respectively, the ratio of which represents its FRE-based PM emission coefficient (CePM). A strong correlation (r2 = 0.82) was found between the total FRE and total PM mass, from which an average CePM value of 0.03 kg MJ 1 was calculated. This value agrees with those derived similarly from satellite-borne measurements of Rfre and AOT acquired over large-scale wildfires.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Ichoku, Charles; Martins, J. Vanderlei; Kaufman, Yoram J.; Wooster, Martin J.; Freeborn, Patrick H.; Hao, Wei Min; Baker, Stephen; Ryan, Cecily A.; Nordgren, Bryce L. 2008. Laboratory investigation of fire radiative energy and smoke aerosol emissions. Journal of Geophysical Research. 113: D14S09. doi: 10.1029/2007JD009659.


    fire radiative energy, smoke aerosol emissions, biomass consumption rate

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page