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Silvics of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis)Author(s): Stephen F. Arno; Raymond J. Hoff
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-253. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 11 p.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Intermountain Forest Experiment Station
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DescriptionWhitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) is a long-lived tree inhabiting the upper subalpine forest and timberline zone on high mountains of Western North America. The species' habitat, life history, growth and yield, mortality factors, special uses, and genetics are described.
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CitationArno, Stephen F.; Hoff, Raymond J. 1989. Silvics of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis). Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-253. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 11 p.
Keywordsforest ecology, subalpine forests, grizzly bear habitat, krummholz, animal seed dispersal
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