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How trees influence the hydrological cycle in forest ecosystemsAuthor(s): Barbara J. Bond; Frederick C. Meinzer; J. Renee Brooks
Source: In: Wood, Paul J; Hannah, David M; Sadler, Jonathan, eds. Hydroecology and ecohydrology: past, present and future. John Wiley & Sons. Ltd.: 7-35
Publication Series: Book
PDF: Download Publication (7.0 MB)
DescriptionUltimately, the quest of ecohydrology (or hydroecology) is to apply fundamental knowledge from hydrology, ecology, atmospheric science, and related disciplines to solve real world problems involving biological systems and hydrologic cycles. Achieving this goal requires sharing information across disciplines, and this chapter is structured toward that end. Our aim is to present current ecological concepts concerning the ways that the structure and function of forest vegetation influence hydrologic processes. To cover this topic in a single chapter, we emphasize some aspects of the interactions between forest trees and hydrology, especially transpiration, over others, such as moisture interception by forest canopies. Other important topics are not covered at all, such as the influence of forest trees and the myriad flora and fauna associated with them on soil hydraulic properties, and root channels as preferential water flow paths in soils. Research is needed to develop a broader conceptual understanding of these belowground processes, especially over long time periods.
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CitationBond, Barbara J.; Meinzer, Frederick C.; Brooks, J. Renee. 2007. How trees influence the hydrological cycle in forest ecosystems. In: Wood, Paul J; Hannah, David M; Sadler, Jonathan, eds. Hydroecology and ecohydrology: past, present and future. John Wiley & Sons. Ltd.: 7-35
KeywordsEvaporation, ecohydrology, hydroecology, transpiration.
- Wetland geomorphology, soils, and formative processes
- Geospatial technology applications in forest hydrology
- Assessing the water needs of riparian and wetland vegetation in the western United States
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