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    Author(s): Charles R. FrihartDaniel J. Yelle; John Ralph; Robert J. Moon; Donald S. Stone; Joseph E. Jakes
    Date: 2008
    Source: 9th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium : Innovation and Challenges in Bio-based Composites--How Far to the New Frontier? : 5th-8th November 2008, Rotorua, New Zealand. [S.l. : s.n.], 2008: pages 141-147.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (251 KB)

    Description

    Chemical additions to wood often change its bulk properties, which can be determined using conventional macroscopic mechanical tests. However, the controlling interactions between chemicals and wood take place at and below the scale of individual cells and cell walls. To better understand the effects of chemical additions to wood, we have adapted and extended two experimental methods for wood science research. The first method entails two-dimensional solution-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of wood cell wall polymers after ball milling but without the usual chemical fractionation methods. This allows for detailed characterization of cell wall polymers and their reactions with chemicals that infiltrate the cell wall. The second method improves currently established nanoindentation analysis so the mechanical properties of wood cell walls can be determined free of artefacts arising from nearby structural heterogeneities including the lumen and various cell wall layers.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Frihart, Charles R.; Yelle, Daniel J.; Ralph, John; Moon, Robert J.; Stone, Donald S.; Jakes, Joseph E. 2008. Enhanced understanding of the relationship between chemical modification and mechanical properties of wood. In: Proceedings for the 9th Pacific Rim bio-based composites symposium. 2008 November 5-8. Roturua, New Zealand. 141-148.

    Keywords

    Wood chemistry, chemical reactions, nanostructured materials, measurement, composite materials, mechanical properties, nanotechnology, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, plant cell walls, wood-plastic composites, chemical modification of wood, modified wood, nanoindentation, wood-plastic materials, wood modification, adhesives

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