Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Thomas N. Kaye; Matt Blakely-Smith; Walter G. Thies
    Date: 2008
    Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 256: 732-740
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: View PDF  (10.0 MB)


    Intensive forest management practices often disturb understory vegetation. and the recovery of these plant communities may depend on the type and severity of the disturbance. We examined the effects of stump removal and N-fertilization on understory plant communities and functional group (shrubs, graminoids, forbs, and introduced species) cover and diversity at five study areas in the Pacific Northwest of North America 24 to 28 years after treatment. Treatments at each study area included stumped and nonstumped controls as well as four levels of broadcast ammonium nitrate (0, 336, 672, and 1345 kg N/ha) in all combinations. Stumping had significant effects on community composition at all sites. and several plant species were associated (p < 0.05) with either controls or stumped plots. Diversity of graminoids, forbs, and introduced species increased in stumped areas regionwide. Stumping reduced cover and diversity of shrubs at some sites. Cover of graminoids and forbs also increased in stumped plots at some study areas. Forbs like Viola sempervirens were often indicators of stump removal whereas shrubs such as Acer circinatum tended to be associated with nonstumped plots. N-fertilization affected community composition at only one study area, and had no effect on cover or richness of functional groups. Stump removal has lasting impacts on plant communities and may make them more vulnerable to colonization by introduced species.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Kaye, Thomas N.; Blakely-Smith, Matt; Thies, Walter G. 2008. Long-term effects of post-harvest stump removal and N-fertilization on understory vegetation in Western USA forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 256: 732-740


    Disturbance, understory, stump removal, fertilization, diversity, introduced species, Phellinus weirii, plant species richness

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page