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    Author(s): Amber J. Vanden Wymelenberg; Jill A. GaskellMichael D. MozuchPhilip J. Kersten; Grzegorz Sabat; Diego Martinez; Daniel Cullen
    Date: 2009
    Source: Applied and environmental microbiology. Vol. 75, no. 12 (June 2009): pages 4058-4068.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (321 KB)

    Description

    The wood decay basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium was grown under standard ligninolytic or cellulolytic conditions and subjected to whole-genome expression microarray analysis and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry of extracellular proteins. A total of 545 genes were flagged on the basis of significant changes in transcript accumulation and/or peptide sequences of the secreted proteins. Under nitrogen or carbon limitation, lignin and manganese peroxidase expression increased relative to nutrient replete medium. Various extracellular oxidases were also secreted in these media, supporting a physiological connection based on peroxide generation. Numerous genes presumed to be involved in mobilizing and recycling nitrogen were expressed under nitrogen limitation, and among these were several secreted glutamic acid proteases not previously observed. In medium containing microcrystalline cellulose as the sole carbon source, numerous genes encoding carbohydrate-active enzymes were upregulated. Among these were six members of the glycoside hydrolase family 61, as well as several polysaccharide lyases and carbohydrate esterases. Presenting a daunting challenge for future research, more than 190 upregulated genes are predicted to encode proteins of unknown function. Of these hypothetical proteins, approximately one-third featured predicted secretion signals, and 54 encoded proteins detected in extracellular filtrates. Our results affirm the importance of certain oxidative enzymes and, underscoring the complexity of lignocellulose degradation, also support an important role for many new proteins of unknown function.

    Publication Notes

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    Citation

    Vanden Wymelenberg, Amber; Gaskell, Jill; Mozuch, Mike; Kersten, Phil; Sabat, Grzegorz; Martinez, Diego; Cullen, Dan. 2009. Transcriptome and secretome analyses of Phanerochaete chrysosporium reveal complex patterns of gene expression. Applied Environmental Microbiology. 75(12): 4058-4068.

    Keywords

    Liquid chromatography, cellulose, peptides, wood biodegradation, biodegradation, genomes, mass spectrometry, enzymes, biotechnology, lignocellulose, proteins, Basidiomycetes, molecular genetics, fungi, genetics, lignin, wood-decaying fungi, industrial applications, gene expression, manganese peroxidase, transcriptome, wood decay, secretome, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, white rot

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