Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub

    Description

    Thermal condensation of glucose-diammonium phosphate in wood at 160 and 190[degrees]C will protect wood against fire and decay in one treatment using an aqueous system. For fire protection, treatments at 160 or 190[degrees]C led to low flammability as evidenced by fire-tube tests. For nonleached wood, weight losses were 1.9, 2.0, and 2.0% with chemical retentions of 56.7, 44.7, and 64.7%, respectively, for 2-, 4-, and 6-h heating; and for leached wood, weight losses of 5.1, 3.8, and 1.5% with chemical retentions of 24.5, 24.1, and 45.6%, respectively, for 2-, 4-, and 6-h heating compared with 18.8% weight loss for diammonium phosphate-treated wood with chemical retention of 19.4%. The control had 84.4% weight loss. For decay protection, heat treatment at 190[degrees]C for 30 min after 2-wk water leaching also prevents degradation by brown and white rot fungi. Weight loss by Gloeophyllum trabeum (Gt) was 0.4% with 19.5% chemical retention, and weight loss by Trametes versicolor (Tv) was 1.5% with 17.8% chemical retention. The control had 30.6 and 36.8% weight losses by Gt and Tv, respectively.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Chen, George. 2009. In situ thermal condensation of glucose-diammonium phosphate in wood for fire and decay protection. Wood and Fiber Science. 41(2): 105-116.

    Keywords

    Dehydration, diammonium phosphate, fire and fungal decay protection, glucose, thermal condensation, wood, biodegradation, heat treatment, brown rot, leaching, fire testing, phosphorus compounds, wood-decaying fungi, fireproofing of wood, fireproofing agents, Gloeophyllum trabeum, Trametes versicolor, white rot, flammability, treated wood, resistance to decay, fire resistance, fire retardants, preservation, wood decay

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page