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    Author(s): Albano Beja-Pereira; Rita Oliveira; Paulo C. Alves; Michael K. Schwartz; Gordon Luikart
    Date: 2009
    Source: Molecular Ecology Resources. 9: 1279-1301.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.25 MB)


    Noninvasive genetic approaches continue to improve studies in molecular ecology, conservation genetics and related disciplines such as forensics and epidemiology. Noninvasive sampling allows genetic studies without disturbing or even seeing the target individuals. Although noninvasive genetic sampling has been used for wildlife studies since the 1990s, technological advances continue to make noninvasive approaches among the most used and rapidly advancing areas in genetics. Here, we review recent advances in noninvasive genetics and how they allow us to address important research and management questions thanks to improved techniques for DNA extraction, preservation, amplification and data analysis. We show that many advances come from the fields of forensics, human health and domestic animal health science, and suggest that molecular ecologists explore literature from these fields. Finally, we discuss how the combination of advances in each step of a noninvasive genetics study, along with fruitful areas for future research, will continually increase the power and role of noninvasive genetics inmolecular ecology and conservation genetics.

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    Beja-Pereira, Albano; Oliveira, Rita; Alves, Paulo C.; Schwartz, Michael K.; Luikart, Gordon. 2009. Advancing ecological understandings through technological transformations in noninvasive genetics. Molecular Ecology Resources. 9: 1279-1301.


    conservation genetics, forensics, genomics, molecular ecology, population genetics

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