Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Jennifer L. Greenwood; Amy D. Rosemond
    Date: 2009
    Source: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences doi: 10.1139/F05-117
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: View PDF  (1.96 MB)

    Description

    We maintained elevated but moderate concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus continuously for 2 years in a heavily shaded headwater stream and compared effects on stream periphyton with a reference stream. Both streams were sampled for 1 year before treatment. Some measures of periphyton biomass (ash-free dry mass and chlorophyll a) responded positively to enrichment. Increased chlorophyll a was likely a result of higher chlorophyll per cell, as total algal biovolume did not change with enrichment. These differences were greatest during high-light months (November-May), when cellular growth rates (a proxy for production) were also highest with enrichment. Algal assemblages were dominated by diatoms and remained similar between the treatment and reference streams throughout the enrichment period. Although nutrients stimulated algal growth rates, the long-term effects of nutrient addition on periphyton biomass were small in magnitude compared with other published values and were potentially suppressed by light availability and invertebrate consumption. These and other factors may have also been important in limiting the algal species pool and thus a taxonomic response to enrichment. Our results indicate that in headwater streams with intact tree canopies, chronic nutrient enrichment at moderate concentrations may have little detectable effect on benthic algal composition or periphyton biomass. Although nutrients stimulated algal growth rates, the long-term effects of nutrient addition on periphyton biomass were small in magnitude compared with other published values and were potentially suppressed by light availability and invertebrate consumption. These and other factors may have also been important in limiting the algal species pool and thus a taxonomic response to enrichment. Our results indicate that in headwater streams with intact tree canopies, chronic nutrient enrichment at moderate concentrations may have little detectable effect on benthic algal composition or periphyton biomass.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Greenwood, Jennifer L.; Rosemond Amy D. 2005. Periphyton response to long-term nutrient enrichment in a shaded headwater stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 62(9): 2033-2045. doi: 10.1139/F05-117

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/33746