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    One year of continuous data from two eddy-flux towers established along an elevation gradient in
    coastal Shanghai was analyzed to evaluate the tidal effect on carbon flux (Fc) over an estuarine wetland.
    The measured wavelet spectra and cospectra of Fc and other environmental factors demonstrated that
    the dynamics of Fc at both sites exhibited a tidal-driven pattern with obvious characteristics at scales
    between 10 and 20 days (256–512-h). Environmental factors exerted major controls on the carbon
    balance at finer temporal scales. Fc was more sensitive to tides at the low-elevation site than at the highelevation
    site. Overall, the mean nighttime Fc during spring tides was lower than that during neap tides,
    indicating suppressed ecosystem respiration under inundation. Larger differences were observed at the
    low-elevation site due to longer inundation durations. In contrast, daytime Fc was more variable since
    plants reacted differently in different growth periods and under different tidal elevations. The
    amplitudes of diurnal Fc during tidal periods were larger than those reported for other wetland types,
    implying a great potential for future carbon sequestration. Whilst tides would also transport organic
    matter to nearby estuaries and hence may incur carbon emission in the receiving ecosystems. Thus,
    further study on lateral carbon transport is required to investigate the tidal effect on the carbon sink/
    source role of the wetland.

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    Guo, H.;Noormets, A. ; Zhao, B.;Chen, J.;Sun, G. ;Gu, Y.;Li, B.;Chen, J. 2009. Tidal effects on net ecosystem exchange of carbon in an estuarine wetland. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149:1820-1828.


    estuarine wetland, carbon flux, tidal elevationm eddy covariance, spectral analysis, respiration

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