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    Author(s): E.S. GardinerJ.J. O’Brien; M. Löf; J.A. Stanturf; P. Madsen
    Date: 2009
    Source: Forest Ecology and Management 258: 868–878.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.28 MB)


    Efforts in Europe to convertNorway spruce (Picea abies) plantations to broadleaf ormixed broadleaf-conifer forests could be bolstered by an increased understanding of how artificial regeneration acclimates and functions under a range of Norway spruce stand conditions. We studied foliage characteristics and leaflevel photosynthesis on 7-year-old European beech (Fagus sylvatica) and pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) regeneration established in open patches and shelterwoods of a partially harvested Norway spruce plantation in southwestern Sweden.

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    Gardiner, E.S.; O’Brien, J.J.; Löf, M.; Stanturf, J.A.; Madsen, P. 2009. Photosynthetic characteristics of Fagus sylvatica and Quercus robur established for stand conversion from Picea abies. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 868–878.


    Fagus sylvatica, Quercus robur, Picea abies, Photosynthetic light response, Nitrogenm Canopy cover, Regeneration

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