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    Author(s): Ward McCaughey; Glenda L. Scott; Kay L. Izlar
    Date: 2009
    Source: Western Journal of Applied Forestry. 24(3): 163-166.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (293.96 KB)

    Description

    This article incorporates new information into previous whitebark pine guidelines for planting prescriptions. Earlier 2006 guidelines were developed based on review of general literature, research studies, field observations, and standard US Forest Service survival surveys of high-elevation whitebark pine plantations. A recent study of biotic and abiotic factors affecting survival in whitebark pine plantations was conducted to determine survival rates over time and over a wide range of geographic locations. In these revised guidelines, we recommend reducing or avoiding overstory and understory competition, avoiding swales or frost pockets, providing shade and wind protection, protecting seedlings from heavy snow loads and soil movement, providing adequate growing space, avoiding sites with lodgepole or mixing with other tree species, and avoiding planting next to snags.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    McCaughey, Ward; Scott, Glenda L.; Izlar, Kay L. 2009. Whitebark pine planting guidelines. Western Journal of Applied Forestry. 24(3): 163-166.

    Keywords

    Pinus albicaulis, reforestation, tree-planting, seedlings, plantations

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