Skip to Main Content
Do riparian plant community characteristics differ between Tamarix (L.) invaded and non-invaded sites on the upper Verde River, Arizona?Author(s): Tyler D. Johnson; Thomas E. Kolb; Alvin L. Medina
Source: Biological Invasions: DOI 10.1007/s10530-009-9658-2
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Download Publication (333.43 KB)
DescriptionInvasion by Tamarix (L.) can severely alter riparian areas of the western U.S., which are globally rare ecosystems. The upper Verde River, Arizona, is a relatively free-flowing river and has abundant native riparian vegetation. Tamarix is present on the upper Verde but is a minor component of the vegetation (8% of stems). This study sought to determine whether riparian vegetation characteristics differed between sites where Tamarix was present and sites where Tamarix was absent during the invasion of the upper Verde. We hypothesized that herbaceous understory and woody plant communities would differ between Tamarix present and absent sites. Our hypothesis was generally confirmed, the two types of sites were different. Tamarix present sites had greater abundance of all vegetation, native understory species, graminoids, and native trees, and a positive association with perennial native wetland plant species. Tamarix absent sites had greater abundance of exotic plants and upland adapted plants and an association with greater abiotic cover and litter. These results are contrary to other reports of Tamarix association with depauperate riparian plant communities, and suggest that Tamarix invasion of a watershed with a relatively natural flow regime and a robust native plant community follows similar establishment patterns as the native riparian plant community.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationJohnson, Tyler D.; Kolb, Thomas E.; Medina, Alvin L. 2009. Do riparian plant community characteristics differ between Tamarix (L.) invaded and non-invaded sites on the upper Verde River, Arizona? Biological Invasions: DOI 10.1007/s10530-009-9658-2
KeywordsArizona, community analysis, Indicator Species Analysis, Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMS), perMANOVA, riparian, saltcedar, Tamarix, Tamarisk, Verde River
- Southwestern Avian Community Organization in Exotic Tamarix: Current Patterns and Future Needs
- A habitat overlap analysis derived from Maxent for Tamarisk and the South-western Willow Flycatcher
- Modeling Tamarisk (Tamarix spp.) habitat and climate change effects in the northwestern United States
XML: View XML