Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Adam Liljeblad; William T. Borrie; Alan E. Watson
    Date: 2009
    Source: Environmental Management. 43(4): 571-584.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (308.6 KB)


    Management of public lands occurs today with high levels of scrutiny and controversy. To succeed, managers seek the support, involvement, and endorsement of the public. This study examines trust as an indicator of managerial success and attempts to identify and measure the components that most influence it. A review of trust literature yielded 14 attributes that were hypothesized to contribute to trust, grouped into the three dimensions of Shared Norms and Values, Willingness to Endorse, and Perceived Efficacy. Operationalizing these attributes and dimensions, a telephone survey was administered to a sample of Montana, USA, residents living adjacent to the Bitterroot National Forest (n = 1,152). Each of the attributes was measured in the context of federal lands fire and fuel management. Structural equation modeling showed that all 14 attributes were found to be influential contributors to levels of trust. Results suggest that if managers are to maintain or increase levels of public trust, they need to consider each of trust's attributes as they make social, ecological, and economic resource decisions.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Liljeblad, Adam; Borrie, William T.; Watson, Alan E. 2009. Determinants of trust for public lands: Fire and fuels management on the Bitterroot National Forest. Environmental Management. 43(4): 571-584.


    trust, shared values, public involvement, collaboration, fire and fuels management, Bitterroot National Forest

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page