Separating effects of changes in atmospheric composition, climate and land-use on carbon sequestration of U.S. mid-Atlantic temperate forestsAuthor(s): Yude Pan; Richard Birdsey; John Hom; Kevin McCullough
Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 259: 151-164.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
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Terrestrial carbon dynamics have been vastly modified because of changes in atmospheric composition, climate, and land-use. However, few studies provide a complete analysis of the factors and interactions that affect carbon dynamics over a large landscape. This study examines how changes in atmospheric composition (CO2, O3 and N deposition), climate and land-use affected carbon dynamics and sequestration in Mid-Atlantic temperate forests during the 20th century. We modified and applied the PnET-CN model, a well established process-based ecosystem model with a strong foundation of ecosystem knowledge from experimental studies. We validated the model results using the U.S. Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) data. Our results suggest that chronic changes in atmospheric chemistry over the past century markedly affected carbon dynamics and sequestration in Mid-Atlantic temperate forests, while climate change only had a minor impact although inter-annual climatic variability had a far more substantial effect.
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CitationPan, Yude; Birdsey, Richard; Hom, John; McCullough, Kevin. 2009. Separating effects of changes in atmospheric composition, climate and land-use on carbon sequestration of U.S. Mid-Atlantic temperate forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 259(2): 151-164.
Keywordscarbon sequestration, ecosystem productivity, elevated CO2, ozone pollution, N deposition, ecosystem process model, FIA data
- Modeling complex effects of multiple environmental stresses on carbon dynamics of Mid-Atlantic temperate forests
- Climate change and fire management in the mid-Atlantic region
- Century-Scale Responses of Ecosystem Carbon Storage and Flux to Multiple Environmental Changes in the Southern United States
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