Assessment of forest fire impacts and emissions in the European Union based on the European forest fire information systemAuthor(s): Paulo Barbosa; Andrea Camia; Jan Kucera; Giorgio Libertá; Ilaria Palumbo; Jesus San-Miguel-Ayanz; Guido Schmuck
Source: In: Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Arbaugh, Michael; Andersen, Christian; Riebau, Allen. 2009. Wildland Fires and Air Pollution. Developments in Environmental Science 8. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. pp. 197-208
Publication Series: Book
PDF: View PDF (159.22 KB)
An analysis on the number of forest fires and burned area distribution as retrieved by the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) database is presented. On average, from 2000 to 2005 about 95,000 fires occurred annually in 23 European countries, burning almost 600,000 ha of forest land every year. Of these about two-thirds or 65,000 fires occurred in 5 European Union (EU) Mediterranean countries (France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain) where on average half a million hectares of forest land were burned every year. In addition, out of the 23 European countries, the total burned area was 86% within those 5 countries alone during the 6-year study period, and out of the 19 EU countries the total for the 5 countries was 96%. Estimates of atmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other trace gases were done for the 2000–2005 period in which burned area maps were retrieved using remote sensing imagery, and then combined with fuel load and burning efficiency figures, to estimate the quantity of burned biomass. Emission factors were further used to estimate trace gas and aerosol emissions produced by vegetation fires. Fuel load was estimated based on values found in the literature and from existing land cover maps of Europe. Average burning efficiency and emission factors were retrieved from the literature. The results obtained show that the forest fires atmospheric emissions of the 23 European countries considered in this study ranged from 8.4 to 20.4 Tg of CO2/year.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationBarbosa, Paulo; Camia, Andrea; Kucera, Jan; Libertá, Giorgio;Palumbo, Ilaria; San-Miguel-Ayanz, Jesus; Schmuck, Guido. 2009. Assessment of forest fire impacts and emissions in the European Union based on the European forest fire information system. In: Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Arbaugh, Michael; Andersen, Christian; Riebau, Allen 2009. Wildland Fires and Air Pollution. Developments in Environmental Science 8. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. pp. 197-208
- The Fire INventory from NCAR (FINN): a high resolution global model to estimate the emissions from open burning
- Spatial and temporal trends in distribution of forest fires in Central and Eastern Europe
- Chemical and dispersal characteristics of particulate emissions from forest fires in Siberia
XML: View XML