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    Author(s): Thomas J. McDonough; Shunichiro Uno; Alan W. Rudie; Charles E. Courchene
    Date: 2009
    Source: Tappi journal. Vol. 8, no. 8 (Aug. 2009): pages 10-18.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (736.98 KB)

    Description

    In this study, we use the same model, together with the results of pulping and bleaching experiments on southern U.S. red oak chips, to compare the bleachability characteristics of a conventional kappa number 15 pulp with that of an acid-prehydrolyzed pulp having, after 25% kappa number reduction by prehydrolysis, a similar kappa number. After the (EO) stage, the prehydrolyzed pulp had a lower extracted kappa number, but its brightness was lower than that of the control pulp. Both observations may be interpreted in terms of the relative amounts of residual lignin and hexenuronic acid present in the pulps. The full-sequence model described in our previous paper accurately described bleaching of the prehydrolyzed pulp. The model was used to evaluate the effects of the prehydrolysis on the optimized performance of the D1 and D2 stages. The brightness disadvantage of the prehydrolyzed pulp after the D0(EO) stages persisted over the lower range of D1 charge multiples but diminished as the multiple was increased, eventually disappearing. The prehydrolyzed pulp required slightly less ClO2 than the control pulp when bleaching to high brightness in five stages.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    McDonough, Thomas J.; Uno, Shunichiro; Rudie, Alan W.; Courchene, Charles E. 2009. Optimization of ECF bleaching of kraft pulp : II, Effects of acid prehydrolysis on hardwood pulp bleachability. Tappi journal. Vol. 8, no. 8 (Aug. 2009): pages 10-18.

    Keywords

    Chlorine dioxide, wood-pulp, bleaching, mathematical models, sulphate pulping process, pulping, chemical reactions, red oak, acid prehydrolysis, brightness, pulps, red oak, hardwoods, pulp and paper processes, sulfate pulping

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