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    Author(s): H. T. Schreuder; T. G. Gregoire; J. P. Weyer
    Date: 2001
    Source: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 66: 281-291.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (57.37 KB)


    Almost any type of sample has some utility when estimating population quantities. The focus in this paper is to indicate what type or combination of types of sampling can be used in various situations ranging from a sample designed to establish cause-effect or legal challenge to one involving a simple subjective judgment. Several of these methods have little or no utility in the scientific area but even in the best of circumstances, particularly complex ones, both probabilistic and non-probabilistic procedures have to be used because of lack of knowledge and cost. We illustrate this with a marbled murrelet example.

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    Schreuder, H. T.; Gregoire, T. G.; Weyer, J. P. 2001. For what applications can probability and non-probability sampling be used? Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 66: 281-291.


    credibility, design-based inference, inductive logic, inferences, model-based inference, non-probability samples, probability samples, sampling protocols

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