Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Roger C. Conner; Tim O. Adams; Tony G. Johnson
    Date: 2009
    Source: Res. Pap. SRS–46. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 19 p.
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.21 MB)


    An assessment of the potential for developing a sustainable biomass energy industry in South Carolina was conducted. Biomass as defined by Forest Inventory and Analysis is the aboveground dry weight of wood in the bole and limbs of live trees ≥1-inch diameter at breast height, and excludes tree foliage, seedlings, and understory vegetation. Several possible sources of biomass were analyzed: unutilized logging residue and standing residual inventory trees on acres with tree harvesting; commercial thinning; precommercial thinning on overstocked natural saplingseedling stands; mill residue; and urban wood waste. A range of prices from $20 to $30 per ton was established by surveys sent to South Carolina’s timber producers. Prices reflect 2008 market conditions. The estimates of potential biomass distributed across these price points rose from 4.8 million tons to a total of 16.5 million tons annually. Nearly 7.7 million tons are currently being utilized. New facilities that use wood to produce energy could capitalize on the 8.8 million annual tons of unutilized biomass and operate without overly impacting existing forest industries or increasing harvest levels above 2006 estimates.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Conner, Roger C.; Adams, Tim O.; Johnson, Tony G. 2009. Assessing the potential for biomass energy development in South Carolina. Res. Pap. SRS–46. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 19 p.


    Google Scholar


    Biofuel, biomass markets, FIA, forest landowner, green tons, hardwood poletimber, haul distance, softwood poletimber, timberland

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page