Long-term nutrient enrichment decouples predator and prey productionAuthor(s): John M. Davis; Amy D. Rosemond; Susan L. Eggert; Wyatt F. Cross; J. Bruce. Wallace
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107(1): 121-126.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (171.21 KB)
Increased nutrient mobilization by human activities represents one of the greatest threats to global ecosystems, but its effects on ecosystemproductivity can differ depending on food web structure. When this structure facilitates efficient energy transfers to higher trophic levels, evidence from previous large-scale enrichments suggests that nutrients can stimulate the production of multiple trophic levels. Here we report results from a 5-year continuous nutrient enrichment of a forested stream that increased primary consumer production, but not predator production. Because of strong positive correlations between predator and prey production (evidence of highly efficient trophic transfers) under reference conditions, we originally predicted that nutrient enrichment would stimulate energy flow to higher trophic levels. However, enrichment decoupled this strong positive correlation and produced a nonlinear relationship between predator and prey production.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
CitationDavis, John M.; Rosemond, Amy D.; Eggert, Susan L.; Cross, Wyatt F.; Wallace, J. Bruce. 2010. Long-term nutrient enrichment decouples predator and prey production
Keywordsecosystem enrichment, energy flow, food web efficiency, predator resistance, body size
- Nutrient enrichment differentially affects body sizes of primary consumers and predators in a detritus-based stream
- Density- and trait-mediated top-down effects modify bottom-up control of a highly endemic tropical aquatic food web
- Predatory response of Xylocoris flavipes to bruchid pests of stored food legumes
XML: View XML