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    Author(s): Clifford S. Sadof
    Date: 2009
    Source: In: McManus, Katherine A; Gottschalk, Kurt W., eds. Proceedings. 20th U.S. Department of Agriculture interagency research forum on invasive species 2009; 2009 January 13-16; Annapolis, MD. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-51. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 51.
    Publication Series: Other
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (118.9 KB)


    City managers faced with the invasion of emerald ash borer into their urban forests need to plan for the invasion in order to obtain the resources they need to protect the public from harm caused by dying ash trees. Currently, city foresters can avoid harm from falling trees by removing, replacing, or treating them with insecticides. Costs for these activities vary widely between municipalities depending on local real estate values, labor costs, and the type and frequency of insecticide treatment. The particular combinations of these tactics that work best for a particular city depend on forest composition, local needs and budgets.

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    Sadof, Clifford S. 2009. Development of a web-based tool for projecting costs of managing emerald ash borer in municipal forests

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