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    Author(s): Charles R. Frihart; Brice N. Dally; James M. Wescott; Michael J. Birkeland
    Date: 2009
    Source: Advanced biomass science and technology for bio-based products. [S.l.] : Chinese Academy of Forestry, c2009. Pages 364-370. (Symposium held 2007 May 23-25, Beijing, China)
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (244.28 KB)

    Description

    Soy flour is an inexpensive raw material for adhesives and is readily available in most parts of the world. However, converting soy flour into a wood adhesive that can compete in both cost and performance with existing petroleum-based adhesives is not easy given the variables of flour quality, denaturation conditions, and curing methods. Formulating adhesives that alter these variables is more readily accomplished than is testing the performance of these formulations using standard evaluation methods. To overcome this problem, we developed a rapid and reproducible small-scale bond strength testing procedure that allows us to screen new adhesives more efficiently. This procedure, employing the automated bond evaluation system (ABES) instrument, has led to improved soy adhesive formulations for plywood and other wood-bonding applications. Additionally, this procedure has been compared with standard product performance tests for decorative and exterior plywood using the common commercially available adhesives poly(vinyl acetate), urea-formaldehyde, melamine-urea-formaldehyde, and phenol-formaldehyde.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Frihart, Charles R.; Dally, Brice N.; Wescott, James M.; Birkeland, Michael J. 2009. Bio-based adhesives and reproducible rapid small-scale bond strength testing. Advanced biomass science and technology for bio-based products. [S.l.] : Chinese Academy of Forestry, c2009. Pages 364-370. (Symposium held 2007 May 23-25, Beijing, China)

    Keywords

    Soy flour, adhesives, testing, soybean glue, formaldehyde, phenolic resins, curing, plywood, glue, adhesion, urea-formaldehyde resins, sugar maple, white pine, bonding, phenolic resin glue, resin curing, failure, bond strength, polyvinyl acetate, melamine, Pinus strobus, Acer saccharinum, ABES

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