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    Author(s): Carina Steyer; Dörte Goertz; Gernot Hoch
    Date: 2009
    Source: In: McManus, Katherine A; Gottschalk, Kurt W., eds. Proceedings. 20th U.S. Department of Agriculture interagency research forum on invasive species 2009; 2009 January 13-16; Annapolis, MD. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-51. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 99.
    Publication Series: Other
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (120.24 KB)


    Two main routes of horizontal transmission have been identified for the microsporidium, Nosema lymantriae Weiser, a frequently occurring pathogen of Lymantria dispar in Europe. Spores are released from 1) feces of living, infectious larvae after a latent period of approximately 2 weeks; and 2) the cadaver after host death.

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    Steyer, Carina; Goertz, Dörte; Hoch, Gernot. 2009. Role of feces and effects of simulated rain on horizontal transmission of the microsporidium, Nosema lymantriae.

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