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Deposition and processing of airborne nitrogen pollutants in mediterranean-type ecosystems of southern CaliforniaAuthor(s): Philip J. Riggan; Robert N. Lockwood; Ernest N. Lopez
Source: Environ. Sci. Technol.19(9): pp 781–789
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
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DescriptionAtmospheric nitrogen deposition, associated with chronic urban air pollution, has produced stream water nitrate concentrations as high as 7.0 mg of N L-l in chaparral watersheds in the San Gabriel Mountains of Los Angeles County, CA. Stream water [NO3-] and discharge were greatest at high flow and may contribute significantly to existing groundwater NO3- pollution. Annual NO3- discharge ranged from 0.04 to 10.0 kg of N ha-1 over 4 years. Canopy throughfall and precipitation inputs of 23.3 and 8.2 kg of N ha-1 year-1 were high relative to other undisturbed ecosystems nationwide. Dry deposition was apparently a major source of the throughfall nitrogen. NO3- concentrations from nearby, relatively unpolluted watersheds were lower by 1–3 orders of magnitude. NO3- yield was elevated on watersheds where chaparral was converted to grassland in 1960 and may be greatly accelerated after wildfire because of high postfire NH4+ concentrations and rapid nitrification in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
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CitationRiggan, Philip J.; Lockwood, Robert N.; Lopez, Ernest N. 1985. Deposition and Processing of Airborne Nitrogen Pollutants in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems of Southern California. Envlron. Sci. Technol. 19(9): 781-789
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