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    Author(s): Martin J. Kraemer; Ralph D. Nyland
    Date: 2010
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-60. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 29 p.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.81 MB)

    Description

    Ice storms occur frequently in northeastern North America. They damage and kill trees, change the structural characteristics of a forest, and may importantly alter the goods and services that owners realize from their land. This literature review summarizes 90 years of relevant information, mainly from fairly short term studies published between 1904 and 2006. It documents ice storm severity and the effects on hardwood branch loss, primarily among upper canopy trees; methods for estimating and classifying hardwood crown damage; and factors influencing epicormic branch formation on hardwood trees. It also summarizes management recommendations for dealing with crown loss and for managing stands after damage by ice storms.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Kraemer, Martin J.; Nyland, Ralph D. 2010. Hardwood crown injuries and rebuilding following ice storms: a literature review. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-60. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 29 p.

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    Keywords

    ice storm, storm injuries to trees, hardwood forests, tree damage

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/34892