Skip to Main Content
Due to a lapse in federal funding, this USDA website will not be actively updated. Once funding has been reestablished, online operations will continue.
Hardwood crown injuries and rebuilding following ice storms: a literature reviewAuthor(s): Martin J. Kraemer; Ralph D. Nyland
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-60. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 29 p.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Northern Research Station
View PDF (1.81 MB)
DescriptionIce storms occur frequently in northeastern North America. They damage and kill trees, change the structural characteristics of a forest, and may importantly alter the goods and services that owners realize from their land. This literature review summarizes 90 years of relevant information, mainly from fairly short term studies published between 1904 and 2006. It documents ice storm severity and the effects on hardwood branch loss, primarily among upper canopy trees; methods for estimating and classifying hardwood crown damage; and factors influencing epicormic branch formation on hardwood trees. It also summarizes management recommendations for dealing with crown loss and for managing stands after damage by ice storms.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationKraemer, Martin J.; Nyland, Ralph D. 2010. Hardwood crown injuries and rebuilding following ice storms: a literature review. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-60. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 29 p.
Keywordsice storm, storm injuries to trees, hardwood forests, tree damage
- Tree Survival and Growth Following Ice Storm Injury
- Tree survival 15 years after the ice storm of January 1998
- Effects of ice storm damage on hardwood survival and growth in Ohio
XML: View XML