Skip to Main Content
Design of an ecological monitoring strategy for the Forest Plan in the Pacific NorthwestAuthor(s): Paul L. Ringold; Barry Mulder; Jim Alegria; Raymond L. Czaplewski; Tim Tolle; Kelly Burnett
Source: In: Busch, David E.; Trexler, Joel C., editors. Monitoring Ecosystems: Interdisciplinary Approaches for Evaluating Ecoregional Initiatives. Washington, DC: Island Press. p. 73-99.
Publication Series: Book Chapter
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
PDF: View PDF (2.34 MB)
DescriptionThe growing literature on ecosystem management describes an adaptive system in which monitoring measures progress toward goals, increases our knowledge, and improves our plans (e.g., Holling 1978; Walters 1986; Duffus III 1994; Everett et al. 1994; Grumbine 1994; Bormann et al. 1995; Gunderson et al. 1995; Interagency Ecosystem Management Task Force 1995; Montgomery et al. 1995; Christensen et al. 1996; Yaffee et al. 1996). Adaptive management acknowledges that action is necessary or appropriate, although knowledge may be imperfect (Raiffa 1968; Holling 1978; Walters 1986; Everett et al. 1994; Grumbine 1994; USFS and BLM 1994b; Gunderson et al. 1995). Less-than-perfect knowledge is likely to be the rule in ecosystem management, especially when the objectives include the restoration and maintenance of complex ecological patterns and processes over large areas and long periods of time.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationRingold, Paul L.; Mulder, Barry; Alegria, Jim; Czaplewski, Raymond L.; Tolle, Tim; Burnett, Kelly. 2003. Design of an ecological monitoring strategy for the Forest Plan in the Pacific Northwest. In: Busch, David E.; Trexler, Joel C., editors. Monitoring Ecosystems: Interdisciplinary Approaches for Evaluating Ecoregional Initiatives. Washington, DC: Island Press. p. 73-99.
Keywordsecological monitoring strategy, adaptive management, imperfect knowledge, ecosystem management
- Adaptive monitoring design for ecosystem management
- Pretreatment variation in overstory and understory vegetation [Chapter 2]
- Management implications of recent changes in spatial patterns of interior northwest forests.
XML: View XML