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    Author(s): Stanley J. ZarnochH. Ken CordellCarter J. Betz; John C. Bergstrom
    Date: 2010
    Source: Zarnoch, Stanley J.; Cordell, H. Ken; Betz, Carter J.; Bergstrom, John C. 2010. Multiple imputation: an application to income nonresponse in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment. Res. Pap. SRS–49. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 15 p.
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.52 MB)

    Description

    Multiple imputation is used to create values for missing family income data in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment. We present an overview of the survey and a description of the missingness pattern for family income and other key variables. We create a logistic model for the multiple imputation process and to impute data sets for family income. We compare results between estimates of the income distribution based on no imputation, single imputation, and multiple imputation. Although the imputation methodology has been applied to the income variable, it is transferable as a general approach to dealing with item nonresponse for other variables in this and other survey studies.

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    Citation

    Zarnoch, Stanley J.; Cordell, H. Ken; Betz, Carter J.; Bergstrom, John C. 2010. Multiple imputation: an application to income nonresponse in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment. Res. Pap. SRS–49. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 15 p.

    Keywords

    MAR assumption, MCAR assumption, nonresponse bias, outdoor recreation, single imputation

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