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    In 2001, the USDA Forest Service in cooperation with the National Association of State Foresters and the National Plant Board proposed a five-year program that would accelerate development and implementation of management options to reduce the spread and impact of hemlock woolly adelgid. From 2003-2007, this "Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Initiative" has involved researchers and resource managers from four federal agencies, 20 state agencies, 24 universities, seven institutions in China and Japan, and more than nine private companies. Accelerated research and technology development during the five-year initiative resulted in a significant increase in our knowledge of hemlock woolly adelgid and its impact on hemlock resources. New management strategies have improved short-term control and provided opportunities for a potential long-term solution for this devastating pest. Although the Initiative has been highly successful, the job is not done. Recommendations for future program direction and priorities are discussed.

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    Onken, Brad; Keena, Melody. 2008. Hemlock woolly adelgid initiative: progress and future direction. In: Onken, Brad; Reardon, Richard, comps. Fourth Symposium on hemlock woolly adelgid in the eastern United States; 2008 February 12-14; Hartford, CT. FHTET 2008-01. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team: 214-220.

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