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    Author(s): Rafal Zwolak; Dean E. PearsonYvette K. Ortega; Elizabeth E. Crone
    Date: 2010
    Source: Ecology. 91(4): 1124-1131.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (256.11 KB)


    In fire-adapted ecosystems, fire is presumed to be the dominant ecological force, and little is known about how consumer interactions influence forest regeneration. Here, we investigated seed predation by deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) and its effects on recruitment of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) seedlings in unburned and recently burned fire-adapted montane forests in west-central Montana, USA. Deer mice were almost twice as abundant in burned than unburned stands. Deer mouse removal of seeds from petri dishes was two times higher in burned than in unburned stands, and seed removal levels were 8% higher for ponderosa pine than for the smaller Douglas-fir seeds. In seed-addition experiments, emergence of seedlings in deer mouse-exclusion cages was almost six times higher in burned compared to unburned forest. In both burned and unburned forest, emergence was lower for ponderosa pine than for Douglas-fir. Seedling survival to establishment did not differ between conifer species but was considerably higher in burned than in unburned forest. However, effects of seed predation on recruitment prevailed over fire effects: in cages allowing access by deer mice, emergence and establishment were extremely rare for both conifer species in both burned and unburned forest. This research suggests that consumer interactions can substantially influence recruitment even in fireadapted forest ecosystems.

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    Zwolak, Rafal; Pearson, Dean E.; Ortega, Yvette K.; Crone, Elizabeth E. 2010. Fire and mice: Seed predation moderates fire's influence on conifer recruitment. Ecology. 91(4): 1124-1131.


    deer mouse, disturbance, Douglas-fir, Peromyscus maniculatus, Pinus ponderosa, ponderosa pine, Pseudotsuga menziesii, seedling establishment, seed predation, wildfire

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