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    Author(s): Willem J. van Verseveld; Jeffrey J. McDonnell; Kate Lajtha
    Date: 2008
    Source: Journal of Hydrology. 358: 268-287
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (7.72 MB)

    Description

    This paper mechanistically assesses the flushing mechanism of DOC, DON, and DIN at the hillslope and catchment scales during two storm events, in a small catchment (WS10), H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest in the western Cascade Mountains of Oregon. Using a combination of natural tracer and hydrometric data, and end-member mixing analysis, we were able to describe the exact flushing mechanism at the site. This mechanism involved vertical preferential flow to the soil-bedrock interface and then lateral downslope flow, with a finite source of DOC and DON in the organic horizon. Both specific UV absorbance (SUVA, 254 nm) and continuously measured raw fluorescence measured with a fluorometer increased during the storm events, suggesting DOC was more aromatic during stormflow compared to baseflow conditions. SUVA patterns in lateral subsurface flow from the hillslope and stream water in combination with hydrometric data enabled us to infer that the contribution of deep soil water and groundwater was higher during the falling limb compared to the rising limb of the hydrograph and contributed to the dilution of DOC, DON, and SUVA values during storm events. Overall this study showed the value of using a combination of hydrometric data, natural tracer data, and in particular DOC quality indices such as SUVA and fluorescence to mechanistically assess nutrient flushing at the catchment scale.

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    Citation

    van Verseveld, W.J.; McDonnell, J.J.; Lajtha, K. 2008. A mechanistic assessment of nutrient flushing at the catchment scale. Journal of Hydrology. 358: 268-287.

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    Keywords

    nutrient flushing, catchment, dissolved organic carbon, dissolved organic nitrogen, specific UV absorbance fluorescence

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