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    Author(s): JunJie Wu
    Date: 2008
    Source: Choices. 23(4): 6-10
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (905.2 KB)


    Land use provides many economic and social benefits but often comes at a substantial cost to the environment. Although most economic costs are figured into land use decisions, most environmental externalities are not. These environmental externalities cause a divergence between private and social costs for some land uses, leading to an inefficient land allocation. For example, developers may not bear all the environmental and infrastructure costs generated by their projects. Such market failures provide a justification for private conservation efforts and public land use planning and regulation.

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    Wu, J. 2008. Land use changes: economic, social, and environmental impacts. Choices. 23(4): 6-10.


    land use decisions, urban development, conversion of farmland and forests, environmental externalities

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