Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): J.M. Vose; W.T. Swank
    Date: 1993
    Source: Can. J. For. Res. 23: 2255-2262. 8p.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (204 B)

    Description

    Prescribed fire is currently used as a site preparation treat-ment in mixed pine-hardwood ecosystems of the southern Appalachians.Stands receiving this treatment typically consist of mixtures of pitch pine (Pinus rigidu Mill.), scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea Muenchh.), chestnut oak (Quercus prinus L.), red maple (Acer rubrum L.), and dense under-stories dominated by mountain laurel (Kulmia lafifoliu L.).Abusive land practices such as high grading and grazing, in combination with drought-induced insect (southern pine beetle) infestations, have left the stands with sparse, low-diversity, and slow-growing overstories. To improve the over-story composition and productivity of these ecosystems, the silvicultural prescription involves cutting all woody vegetation in early summer, burning with a high-intensity but low-severity fire in late summer, and planting white pine (Pinus strobus L.) on a wide spacing (i.e., 4 x 4 m). Burning facilitates planting and reduces mountain laurel competition with the planted seedlings. The desired future condition of the overstory is a productive pine-hardwood mixture, with white pine, which is resistant to southern pine beetles, as the dominant pine. The impacts of these treatments on nutrient cycling, productivity, and vegetation diversity are unknown. To determine these impacts, a long-term, multi-investigator study was established (Swift et al. 1993). The present paper addresses treatment impacts on aboveground mass and associated nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) pools.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Vose, J.M.; Swank, W.T. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: aboveground biomass, forest floor mass, and nitrogen and carbon pools. Can. J. For. Res. 23: 2255-2262. 8p.

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page