Skip to Main Content
Due to a lapse in federal funding, this USDA website will not be actively updated. Once funding has been reestablished, online operations will continue.
Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: aboveground biomass, forest floor mass, and nitrogen and carbon poolsAuthor(s): J.M. Vose; W.T. Swank
Source: Can. J. For. Res. 23: 2255-2262. 8p.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (204 B)
DescriptionPrescribed fire is currently used as a site preparation treat-ment in mixed pine-hardwood ecosystems of the southern Appalachians.Stands receiving this treatment typically consist of mixtures of pitch pine (Pinus rigidu Mill.), scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea Muenchh.), chestnut oak (Quercus prinus L.), red maple (Acer rubrum L.), and dense under-stories dominated by mountain laurel (Kulmia lafifoliu L.).Abusive land practices such as high grading and grazing, in combination with drought-induced insect (southern pine beetle) infestations, have left the stands with sparse, low-diversity, and slow-growing overstories. To improve the over-story composition and productivity of these ecosystems, the silvicultural prescription involves cutting all woody vegetation in early summer, burning with a high-intensity but low-severity fire in late summer, and planting white pine (Pinus strobus L.) on a wide spacing (i.e., 4 x 4 m). Burning facilitates planting and reduces mountain laurel competition with the planted seedlings. The desired future condition of the overstory is a productive pine-hardwood mixture, with white pine, which is resistant to southern pine beetles, as the dominant pine. The impacts of these treatments on nutrient cycling, productivity, and vegetation diversity are unknown. To determine these impacts, a long-term, multi-investigator study was established (Swift et al. 1993). The present paper addresses treatment impacts on aboveground mass and associated nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) pools.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationVose, J.M.; Swank, W.T. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: aboveground biomass, forest floor mass, and nitrogen and carbon pools. Can. J. For. Res. 23: 2255-2262. 8p.
- Plant succession and community restoration following felling and burning in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
- Restoring table mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.) communities with prescribed fire: an overview of current research
- Using fire to restore pine/hardwood ecosystems in the Southern Appalachians of North Carolina
XML: View XML