Skip to Main Content
Normative standards for wildlife viewing in parks and protected areasAuthor(s): Laura Anderson; Robert Manning; William Valliere; Jeffrey Hallo
Source: In: Watts, Clifton E., Jr.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc, eds. Proceedings of the 2009 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-66. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 89-95.
Publication Series: General Technical Report - Proceedings
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (192.97 KB)
DescriptionWith increasing public interest in wildlife watching, there is a need to develop methods to inform the management of high-quality viewing opportunities. In this study, normative methods using indicators and standards of quality were applied at a national park in Alaska and a wildlife refuge in New Hampshire. Four potential indicators of quality are identified that can be used to help define and manage wildlife viewing opportunities, and a range of potential standards of quality are developed for these indicator variables. In general, normative standards of visitors to the two study areas were salient and moderately to highly crystallized. Study findings indicate that visitors are currently experiencing high-quality wildlife viewing at both sites.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationAnderson, Laura; Manning, Robert; Valliere, William; Hallo, Jeffrey. 2010. Normative standards for wildlife viewing in parks and protected areas. In: Watts, Clifton E., Jr.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc, eds. Proceedings of the 2009 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-66. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 89-95.
- Research to support analysis and management of carrying capacity at Lake Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge, New Hampshire and Maine
- Indicators and standards of quality for the Schoodic Peninsula section of Acadia National Park, Maine
- Managing recreation on mountain summits in the northern forest region of Maine, New Hampshire, New York, and Vermont
XML: View XML