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    Author(s): Lauren M. Heesemann; Jerry J. Vaske; David K. Loomis
    Date: 2010
    Source: In: Watts, Clifton E., Jr.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc, eds. Proceedings of the 2009 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-66. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 144-151.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report - Proceedings
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (182.11 KB)

    Description

    This study examines Florida Keys snorkeler and SCUBA diver encounter norms using the Potential for Conflict Index2 (PCI2). Snorkelers and SCUBA divers evaluated the acceptability of encountering a specific number of other snorkelers and SCUBA divers on a 7-point scale ranging from extremely acceptable (3) to extremely unacceptable (-3). Statistical analysis results were put into PCI2 templates to construct a graphic display of encounter norms for each recreation group. According to both snorkelers and SCUBA divers, as encounters increase, acceptability evaluations decrease. In addition, acceptability starts to decline at an encounter level of 5, not 0, which may be a function of safety. All recreationists consider a large number of snorkelers to be more acceptable than the same number of SCUBA divers, possibly due to their location in the water column.

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    Citation

    Heesemann, Lauren M.; Vaske, Jerry J.; Loomis, David K. 2010. Normative tolerances for scuba divers and snorkelers: An application of the potential for conflict index2. In: Watts, Clifton E., Jr.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc, eds. Proceedings of the 2009 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-66. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 144-151.

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