Skip to Main Content
Pedestrian Levels of Service (LOS) at Muir Woods National Monument (California): An introduction to multi-modal LOS for parks and protected areasAuthor(s): Peter R. Pettengill; Robert E. Manning; William Valliere; Laura E. Anderson
Source: In: Watts, Clifton E., Jr.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc, eds. Proceedings of the 2009 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-66. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 157-163.
Publication Series: General Technical Report - Proceedings
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (352.33 KB)
DescriptionHistorically, transportation planning and management have been guided largely by principles of efficiency. Specifically, the Transportation Research Board has utilized a levels of service (LOS) framework to assess quality of service in terms of traffic congestion, speed and travel time, and maximum road capacity. In the field of park and outdoor recreation management, on the other hand, indicators and standards of quality have emerged as an important conceptual framework for assessing the quality of visitor experience. This contemporary management-by-objectives approach provides a standard of quality based upon minimum acceptable conditions. While LOS is an effective utilitarian approach to transportation planning, application of an indicators-and-standards framework could prevent unacceptable negative impacts to park resources and the visitor experience. Past studies in Acadia National Park (Maine), Blue Ridge Parkway (Virginia), and Muir Woods National Monument (California) provide a means for exploring this conceptual bridge.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationPettengill, Peter R.; Manning, Robert E.; Valliere, William; Anderson, Laura E. 2010. Pedestrian Levels of Service (LOS) at Muir Woods National Monument (California): An introduction to multi-modal LOS for parks and protected areas. In: Watts, Clifton E., Jr.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc, eds. Proceedings of the 2009 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-66. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 157-163.
- Visitor experience and resource protection framework in the National Park System: rationale, current status, and future direction
- Indicators of standards of the quality of the visitor experience at a heavily-used national park
- Indicators and standards of quality for the Schoodic Peninsula section of Acadia National Park, Maine
XML: View XML