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Influence of forest canopy and snow on microclimate in a declining yellow-cedar forest of southeast AlaskaAuthor(s): Paul E. Hennon; David V. D'Amore; Dustin T. Witter; Melinda B. Lamb
Source: Northwest Science. 84(1): 73-87
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (4.3 MB)
DescriptionSite factors predispose yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis D. Don (Spach)) to a widespread climate-induced mortality in southeast Alaska. We investigated the influence of canopy cover and snow on microclimate at two small watersheds across a range of declining yellow-cedar stands on Baranof and Chichagof Islands in southeast Alaska. Two measures of canopy cover, derived from hemispherical photography and LIDAR, were correlated at the two sites; both had significant relationships with basal area of live trees on plots. Reduced canopy cover increases soil warming in spring and leads to rapid changes in air temperature. There is also a positive feedback where the loss of tree overstory due to yellow-cedar mortality contributes to open, exposed site conditions. Variable patterns of snow depth in late winter and spring at one of the sites, documented with daily remote photography, were associated with elevation and cover. Dead trees predominate where lethal shallow soil temperatures occurred but not where snow buffers these temperatures because of existing snowpack. Canopy cover estimates, landscape analysis, and snow modeling could provide the components for a regional risk model to identify areas in southeast Alaska that are suitable and unsuitable for future conservation and management of yellow-cedar.
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CitationHennon, P.E.; D'Amore, D.V.; Witter,D.T.; Lamb, M.B. 2010. Influence of forest canopy and snow on microclimate in a declining yellow-cedar forest of southeast Alaska. Northwest Science. 84(1): 73-87.
KeywordsChamaecyparis nootkatensis, climate, microclimate, forest decline
- Climate warming, reduced snow, and freezing injury could explain the demise of yellow-cedar in southeast Alaska, USA
- Evaluation of soil saturation, soil chemistry, and early spring soil and air temperatures as risk factors in yellow-cedar decline.
- Seasonal differences in freezing tolerance of yellow-cedar and western hemlock trees at a site affected by yellow-cedar decline
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