Skip to Main Content
A Mega-fire event in Central Russia: fire weather, radiative, and optical properties of the atmosphere, and consequences for subboreal forest plantsAuthor(s): Nataly Y. Chubarova; Nickolay G. Prilepsky; Alexei N. Rublev; Allen R. Riebau
Source: In: Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Arbaugh, Michael; Andersen, Christian; Riebau, Allen 2009. Wildland Fires and Air Pollution. Developments in Environmental Science 8. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. pp. 247-264
Publication Series: Book
PDF: View PDF (332.11 KB)
DescriptionIn 2002, a major drought and prolonged high temperatures occurred in central Russia that resulted in unprecedented wildland fires. These fires occurred under extreme fire danger conditions and were impossible for the Russian authorities to extinguish. It is perhaps somewhat unique that the fires were first burning peat bogs and later forests, causing very massive smoke. Smoke was transported into Moscow itself for a period of almost 2 months, sometimes reducing visibility to below 60 m. Owing to the population size of Moscow and the duration of the event, these fires resulted in perhaps the most significant exposures of fire smoke to a major population center in recorded history. Significant reductions in solar radiation were observed during a course of measurements taken at the meteorological observatory at Moscow State University and at Zvenigorod Biostation located about 50km west of the observatory. The fire smoke cloud was characterized by high aerosol optical thickness (AOT), high values of single scattering albedo in the visible spectral region (SSAB0.95), and high concentration of optically active gas species. Surface ozone levels were additionally elevated. At Zvenigorod Biostation changes in forest herbaceous plant development, flowering, and seeding were also observed. These changes may be explained as resulting from a combination of extreme weather, elevated surface ozone, and to a lesser extent changes in solar radiation.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationChubarova, Nataly Y.; Prilepsky, Nickolay G.; Rublev, Alexei N.; Riebau, Allen R. 2009. A Mega-fire event in Central Russia: fire weather, radiative, and optical properties of the atmosphere, and consequences for subboreal forest plants. In: Bytnerowicz, A.; Arbaugh, M.; Andersen, C.; Riebau, A. eds. Wildland Fires and Air Pollution. Developments in Environmental Science. Elsevier. Amsterdam. Vol. 8:247-264. DOI:10.1016/S1474-8177(08)00011-9
- Wildland fire emissions, carbon, and climate: Wildfire–climate interactions
- Particulate and trace gas emissions from large biomass fire in North America
- Seasonal and topographic effects on estimating fire severity from Landsat TM/ETM+data.
XML: View XML