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    Author(s): Richard V. Pouyat; Katalin Szlavecz; Ian D. Yesilonis; Peter M. Groffman; Kirsten Schwarz
    Date: 2010
    Source: In: Aitkenhead-Peterson, Jacqueline; Volder, Astrid, eds. Urban Ecosystem Ecology. Agronomy Monograph 55. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America: 119-152.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.82 MB)

    Description

    Urban soils provide an array of ecosystem services to inhabitants of cities and towns. Urbanization affects soils and their capacity to provide ecosystem services directly through disturbance and management (e.g., irrigation) and indirectly through changes in the environment (e.g., heat island effect and pollution). Both direct and indirect effects contribute to form a mosaic of soil conditions. In the Baltimore Ecosystem Study (BES), we utilized the urban mosaic as a series of "natural experiments" to investigate and compare the direct and indirect effects of urbanization on soil chemical, physical, and biological properties at neighborhood, citywide, and metropolitan scales. In addition, we compared these results with those obtained from other metropolitan areas to assess the effects at regional and global scales and to assess the generality of these results.

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    Citation

    Pouyat, Richard V.; Szlavecz, Katalin; Yesilonis, Ian D.; Groffman, Peter M.; Schwarz, Kirsten. 2010. Chemical, physical and biological characteristics of urban soils Chapter 7. In: Aitkenhead-Peterson, Jacqueline; Volder, Astrid, eds. Urban Ecosystem Ecology. Agronomy Monograph 55. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America: 119-152.

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