Skip to Main Content
Testing and classification of individual plants for fire behaviour: plant selection for the wildland–urban interfaceAuthor(s): Robert H. White; Wayne C. Zipperer
Source: International Journal of Wildland Fire 19:213–227
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
PDF: View PDF (433.21 KB)
DescriptionKnowledge of how species differ in their flammability characteristics is needed to develop more reliable lists of plants recommended for landscaping homes in the wildland–urban interface (WUI). As indicated by conflicting advice in such lists, such characterisation is not without difficulties and disagreements. The flammability of vegetation is often described as having four components (ignitability, combustibility, sustainability and consumability). No standards or generally recognised test procedures exist for evaluating these components in plants. Some measurements of flammability include times for ignition, rate of flame spread, flame height and heat release rate. Often, the fire behaviour characteristics of a plant are derived from its physical and chemical characteristics. Thermogravimetric analysis and other thermal analyses of ground samples have long been used to characterise the thermal degradation of vegetation. More recently, researchers have used the oxygen consumption methodology to measure the heat released due to combustion of the vegetation. Although oxygen consumption calorimetry is an improvement in characterising plant flammability, translation of laboratory results to field conditions can be problematic and tests can be expensive.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationWhite, Robert H.; Zipperer, Wayne C. 2010. Testing and classification of individual plants for fire behaviour: plant selection for the wildland–urban interface. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19: 213–227.
Keywordscalorimetry, flammability, oxygen consumption, vegetation
- Cone calorimeter testing of vegetation--an update
- Flammability of native understory species in pine flatwood and hardwood hammock ecosystems and implications for the wildland-urban interface
- Time to ignition is influenced by both moisture content and soluble carbohydrates in live Douglas fir and Lodgepole pine needles
XML: View XML