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    Author(s): Leonard F. Ruggiero; William J. ZielinskiKeith B. Aubry; Steven W. Buskirk; L. Jack Lyon
    Date: 1994
    Source: In: Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Aubry, Keith B.; Buskirk, Steven W.; Lyon, L. Jack; Zielinski, William J., tech. eds. The scientific basis for conserving forest carnivores: American marten, fisher, lynx, and wolverine in the western United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-254. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. p. 1-6
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station
    PDF: View PDF  (175 KB)

    Description

    Controversy over managing public lands is neither an unexpected nor recent development. In the 1970's, debate over land management began to focus on the effects of timber management practices on wildlife. This was most evident in the Pacific Northwest where the public was beginning to express strong concerns about the effects of timber harvest in late-successional forests on northern spotted owls and other vertebrates. The focus on all vertebrates and not just "game animals" distinguished these concerns from earlier wildlife-related issues. In 1976, Congress passed the National Forest Management Act, which mandated the maintenance of biological diversity on lands of the National Forest System. Regulations enacted pursuant to this law specified that viable populations of native and desirable non-native wildlife species would be maintained on planning units (i.e., National Forests) of the National Forest System. Thus, a statutory and regulatory basis was provided for appeals and litigation directed at what the public believed to be the negative effects of timber management practices on wildlife. The many legal challenges that ensued focused primarily on the harvesting of late-successional forests in the Pacific Northwest (see Meslow et al. 1981 for additional discussion).

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    Citation

    Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Zielinski, William J.; Aubry, Keith B.; Buskirk, Steven W.; Lyon, L. Jack. 1994. Chapter 1: A conservation assessment framework for forest carnivores. In: Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Aubry, Keith B.; Buskirk, Steven W.; Lyon, L. Jack; Zielinski, William J., tech. eds. The scientific basis for conserving forest carnivores: American marten, fisher, lynx, and wolverine in the western United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-254. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. p. 1-6

    Keywords

    American marten, Martes americana, fisher, Martes pennanti, lynx, Lynx canadensis, wolverine, Gulo gulo, carnivores, conservation biology, information needs, wildlife management

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