Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Ariel E. LugoEileen H. Helmer; Abel Vale
    Date: 2007
    Source: Acta Cientifica. 21(1-3):67-80
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: International Institute of Tropical Forestry
    PDF: Download Publication  (3.39 MB)


    The Puerto Rican karst region covers 27 percent of the surface of the Island and contains valuable natural resources that are needed to sustain the island’s life quality. We discuss the characteristics and values of the Puerto Rican karst, review the laws, regulations, and mechanisms available to conserve this region, and analyze its vulnerability to urbanization and incompatible uses. We found that Puerto Rico has an adequate body of laws and regulations, and mechanisms to protect its natural resources, including the karst. However, the island government appears to lack the will to implement them. The rate of urbanization in the karst appears to be increasing, and 8.4 percent is vulnerable to additional development in the short-term. We conclude that to assure the perpetual conservation of the Puerto Rican karst region, more land needs to be incorporated into the public domain and at the same time ovsersight over the government’s environmental actions needs to increase and improve in its effectiveness.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Lugo, Ariel E.; Helmer, Eileen H.; Vale, Abel. 2007. La conservacion y vulnerabilidad a la urbanizacion del karso puertorriqueño. Acta Cientifica. 21(1-3):67-80.


    Puerto Rico, urban development, conservation, land use, land cover, Karst, landforms

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page