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    Sixteen species of ant-following birds belonging to eight taxonomic families were observed parasitizing army ants (Formicidae: Ecitoninae) in dry forest on the Pacifi c slope of Nicaragua. The birds used all three habitats previously selected as part of a broader biodiversity study: secondary forest, forest fallow, and coffee plantation. Species known to follow army ants such as tanagers and antbirds were observed. In addition, wrens, a group not previously documented to engage in this behavior, formed part of the mixed-species flocks.

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    Tórrez, Marvin A.; Arendt, Wayne; Salmeron, Pomares. 2009. Aves hormigueras en bosque seco del Pacífico de Nicaragua: uso de hábitat y comportamiento parasítico. Zeledonia. 13(2):1-9. [Note: Title in English: Ant-following birds in dry forest on the Pacific slope of Nicaragua: habitat use and parasitic behavior.]


    ant-following birds, mixed-species, foraging flock, army ant, dry forest, Nicaragua

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