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    Author(s): C. Mann; J.D. Absher
    Date: 2007
    Source: Forest, Snow, and Landscape Research 81(1/2): 123-138
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: View PDF  (161.1 KB)


    The scientific inputs to management of recreation areas in Germany have been largely determined by ecologically oriented quantitative impact and conflict studies with an emphasis on nature protection. Today, however, Germany’s recreational situation has changed. New activities and increased participation by people seeking different recreational experiences challenge management in many areas. Apart from ecological problems, social conflicts occur between and within user groups and land management agencies. At the same time there is a lack of understanding of the leisure differences that might lead to conflict, and at times wrong management decisions. This study presents a methodological contribution to more accurately capture the interactions between recreational activity management and conflict-based user group perceptions. This was tested in the Northern/Central Black Forest Nature Park on six nature sport groups. A two stage model was used for each group that starts with a quantitative conflict survey and is qualitatively validated and interpreted by intra- and inter-group experts. This paper discusses this methodological approach with results from two groups: hikers and mountain bikers, and shows how an integrated conflict analysis model might be used to better explain recreational conflicts in the light of geographic or cultural differences, rapid social change, and their consequences for today’s recreation planning and management.

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    Mann, C.; Absher, J.D. 2007. A two stage analysis of recreation conflict as a basis for management strategies in the black forest: a methodological contribution. Forest, Snow, and Landscape Research 81(1/2): 123-138


    conflict analysis, methodological integration, triangulation, user group conflict, social world, recreation planning

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