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    Author(s): Kenneth B. Jr. Pierce; C. Kenneth Brewer; Janet L. Ohmann
    Date: 2010
    Source: In: Pye, John M.; Rauscher, H. Michael; Sands, Yasmeen; Lee, Danny C.; Beatty, Jerome S., tech. eds. 2010. Advances in threat assessment and their application to forest and rangeland management. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-802. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest and Southern Research Stations: 111-121
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (298.68 KB)

    Description

    This study was designed to test the feasibility of combining a method designed to populate pixels with inventory plot data at the 30-m scale with a new national predictor data set. The new national predictor data set was developed by the USDA Forest Service Remote Sensing Applications Center (hereafter RSAC) at the 250-m scale. Gradient Nearest Neighbor (GNN) imputation was designed by the USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station (hereafter PNW) to assign a plot identifier, and, therefore, a link to associated plot data, to each pixel within a target raster. Gradient Nearest Neighbor was implemented at 30-m resolution in three separate multimillion-hectare regions of the Western United States. Concurrently, RSAC developed a set of spatial predictor surfaces at 250-m resolution for use in producing nationally consistent data products. These data have been used for modeling forest types and forest biomass for the conterminous United States and Alaska. These predictor data have also been used for large regional applications. In this study, we substituted the 250-m predictor data for the 30-m predictor data used thus far in GNN. Our objective was to quantify the difference in performance using the lower spatial resolution predictors. We remodeled the same three regions that were mapped at 30 m with the 250-m data set and compared the error structure of the two modeling efforts. For species presence/absence models in the two areas with large environmental gradients, the Sierra Nevada and northeastern Washington, the species models performed substantially the same at the two resolutions. For the region with reduced environmental heterogeneity and moderate environmental gradients, coastal Oregon, species models did not work well with either the 30-m or 250-m studies. Models geared towards mapping forest structure did not perform as well as the 30-m models and may be insufficient for risk-assessment use.

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    Citation

    Pierce, Kenneth B. Jr.; Brewer, C. Kenneth; Ohmann, Janet L. 2010. Moderate-resolution data and gradient nearest neighbor imputation for regional-national risk assessment. In: Pye, John M.; Rauscher, H. Michael; Sands, Yasmeen; Lee, Danny C.; Beatty, Jerome S., tech. eds. 2010. Advances in threat assessment and their application to forest and rangeland management. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-802. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest and Southern Research Stations: 111-121.

    Keywords

    Gradient Nearest Neighbor, imputation, regional analysis, species distributions, vegetation mapping.

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