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Seed production and dispersal of sulfur cinquefoil in northeast OregonAuthor(s): Kathleen A. Dwire; Catherine G. Parks; Michael L. McInnis; Bridgett J. Naylor
Source: Rangeland Ecology & Management. 59(1): 63-72
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
PDF: View PDF (2.68 MB)
DescriptionSulfur cinquefoil (family Rosaceae) is an invasive, herbaceous perennial, native to Eurasia. It has wide ecological amplitude and has become established throughout North America in numerous habitat types. Sulfur cinquefoil reproduces only by seed (achenes); however, little is known about its regenerative strategy or reproductive biology. To improve understanding of the mechanisms of expansion for sulfur cinquefoil, we quantified seed production and measured seed dispersal at sites infested with sulfur cinquefoil in different habitats in northeast Oregon. Seed dispersal was measured by using sticky traps (30 x 100 cm, replaced every 2 weeks) radiating in four cardinal directions from individual source plants. Estimated seed production for 2 years (2001 and 2002) was nearly four times higher than previously reported. For most sites, seed production was similar in both years. However, site, year, and their interaction (site x year) had significant influence on flower and stem production. Seeds were dispersed from July through mid-October 2001, although almost 40 percent of the seeds were captured between mid-July and mid-August. Dispersal followed a classic decay function; approximately 83 percent of the seeds were captured within 60 cm of the source plants. Once sulfur cinquefoil reaches a site, it appears to spread and persist by releasing numerous seeds near the parent plants, thereby forming increasingly dense stands.
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CitationDwire, Kathleen A.; Parks, Catherine G.; McInnis, Michael L.; Naylor, Bridgett J. 2006. Seed production and dispersal of sulfur cinquefoil in northeast Oregon. Rangeland Ecology & Management. 59(1): 63-72.
KeywordsPotentilla recta L., invasive species, regenerative strategy
- Grassland response to herbicides and seeding of native grasses 6 years posttreatment
- Herbicide and Native Grass Seeding Effects on Sulfur Cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)Infested Grasslands
- Multiscale detection of sulfur cinquefoil using aerial photography.
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