Skip to Main Content
Clark’s nutcracker and whitebark pine: Can the birds help the embattled high-country pine survive?Author(s): Gail Wells; Martin Raphael; Teresa Lorenz
Source: Science Findings 130. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 5 p.
Publication Series: Science Findings
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
PDF: View PDF (1.0 MB)
DescriptionWhitebark pine inhabits some of the most pristine high-elevation areas of the West. Despite being protected from direct human influence, the tree is declining from indirect effects of fire suppression and climate change. As a keystone species, its decline has widespread ramifications. Successful restoration requires understanding the behavioral ecology of Clark’s nutcracker, a bird that plays a key role dispersing whitebark pine seeds.
Based on science by Martin Raphael, and Teresa Lorenz.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationWells, Gail. 2011. Clark’s nutcracker and whitebark pine: Can the birds help the embattled high-country pine survive? Science Findings 130. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.
KeywordsWhitepark pine, regeneration, Clark's nutcracker, telemetry, Martin Raphael, Teresa Lorenz.
- Exploring whitebark pine resilience in the crown of the continent
- Determining fire history from old white pine stumps in an oak-pine forest
- The tree of peace: Symbolic and spiritual values of the white pine
XML: View XML