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    Author(s): Gail Wells; Martin RaphaelTeresa Lorenz
    Date: 2011
    Source: Science Findings 130. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 5 p.
    Publication Series: Science Findings
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    Whitebark pine inhabits some of the most pristine high-elevation areas of the West. Despite being protected from direct human influence, the tree is declining from indirect effects of fire suppression and climate change. As a keystone species, its decline has widespread ramifications. Successful restoration requires understanding the behavioral ecology of Clark’s nutcracker, a bird that plays a key role dispersing whitebark pine seeds.

    Based on science by Martin Raphael, and Teresa Lorenz.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pnw_pnwpubs@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Wells, Gail. 2011. Clark’s nutcracker and whitebark pine: Can the birds help the embattled high-country pine survive? Science Findings 130. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.

    Keywords

    Whitepark pine, regeneration, Clark's nutcracker, telemetry, Martin Raphael, Teresa Lorenz.

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