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Clark’s nutcracker and whitebark pine: Can the birds help the embattled high-country pine survive?Author(s): Gail Wells; Martin Raphael; Teresa Lorenz
Source: Science Findings 130. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 5 p.
Publication Series: Science Findings
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (1.0 MB)
DescriptionWhitebark pine inhabits some of the most pristine high-elevation areas of the West. Despite being protected from direct human influence, the tree is declining from indirect effects of fire suppression and climate change. As a keystone species, its decline has widespread ramifications. Successful restoration requires understanding the behavioral ecology of Clark’s nutcracker, a bird that plays a key role dispersing whitebark pine seeds.
Based on science by Martin Raphael, and Teresa Lorenz.
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CitationWells, Gail. 2011. Clark’s nutcracker and whitebark pine: Can the birds help the embattled high-country pine survive? Science Findings 130. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.
KeywordsWhitepark pine, regeneration, Clark's nutcracker, telemetry, Martin Raphael, Teresa Lorenz.
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