Research based on applying volume-maximizing sawing solutions to idealized hardwood log forms has shown that average lumber yield can be increased by 6 percent. It is possible, however, that a lumber volume-maximizing solution may result in a decrease in lumber grade and a net reduction in total value of sawn lumber. The objective of this study was to determine the existence, and potential significance, of the conflict between lumber volume and lumber grade maximization.
Steele, Philip H.; Wagner, Francis G.; Kumar, Lalit; Araman, Philip A. 1992. Influence of Lumber Volume Maximization on Value in Sawing Hardwood Sawlogs. Proceedings, All-Division 5 Conference Forest Products. 2: 876.