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    Author(s): Xiping Wang
    Date: 2010
    Source: Wood handbook : wood as an engineering material: chapter 20. Centennial ed. General technical report FPL ; GTR-190. Madison, WI : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, 2010: p. 20.1-20.13.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: View PDF  (903.17 KB)

    Description

    Two important questions should be considered in heat sterilizing solid wood materials: First, what temperature–time regime is required to kill a particular pest? Second, how much time is required to heat the center of any wood configuration to the kill temperature? The entomology research on the first question has facilitated the development of international standards for heat sterilization of various solid wood materials. This chapter primarily addresses the second question. It focuses on various factors that should be considered when planning and implementing a heat treatment process, discusses experimentally derived heating times for commonly used wood products, and presents analytical and empirical methods for estimating heating times that can be used as starting points in the development of heat treatment schedules. Current wood packaging material enforcement regulations and several additional practical considerations for heat treatment operations are also presented.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Wang, Xiping. 2010. Heat sterilization of wood. Wood handbook : wood as an engineering material: chapter 20. Centennial ed. General technical report FPL ; GTR-190. Madison, WI : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, 2010: p. 20.1-20.13.

    Keywords

    Heat treatment, sterilization, packaging, pest control, standards, heat equation, lumber, regression analysis, insect control, wood sterilization, temperature, heat sterilization, heating time, invasive species, specifications, standards

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